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PROSE [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]

Answer two questions in all; one question from each section. Develop not fewer than five points in your answers.


Instruction: Answer one question only from this section.

BUCHI, EMECHETA: Second Class Citizen
  1. Account for thw contribution of lawyer Nweze to development of the plot.
  2. Compare Adah with Francis in the novel
ALEX, AGYEI-AGYIRI: Unexpected Joy at Dawn

3. How is Massa buried in the novel?

4. How does the expulsion of the ‘aliens’ from Nigeria affect Nii?

SECTION B [Non-African Prose]

Instruction: Answer one question from this section.

RALPH, ELLISON: Invisible Man

5. Examine the narrator’s experience with Kimbro in the novel.

6. How does Ras represent the whiteman’s perceptions and treatment of blacks?

EMILY, BRONTE: Wuthering Heights

7. Examine the significance of Lockwood’s second visit to Wuthering Heights

8. What is the relationship between Cathy and Hareton in the novel?

DRAMA AND POETRY [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]

General Instruction: Answer four questions in all: one question from each section. Develop not fewer than five points in your answers.


Answer one question only from this section.

JOHN, K. KARGBO: Let me Die Alone

  1. How do men behave towards women in the play?
  2. Discuss Gbanya as remarkable character.

WOLE, SOYINKA: The Lion and Jewel

3. How is the contest between tradition and modernity presented in the play?

4. Discuss the significance of the use of play-within-a technique.


Answer one question only from this section.

JOHN, OSBORNE: Look Back in Anger

5. Consider Jimmy’s views about the Victorian society of his time.

6. Comment on Alison’s reactions to Jimmy’s attacks on her family.


7. How does Troy’s upbringing influence his relationship with his children?

8. To what extent does Gabriel provide comic relief in the play?


Answer one question only from this section

9. How effective is the use of contrast in The Song of the Women of my Land?

10. Examine The leader and Led as a Criticism of leadership in Africa.


Answer one question only from this section.

11. Consider the mood of the persona in The Good Morrow.

12. Discuss the theme of regret in The Journey of the Magi.

OBJECTIVE PAPER 1 [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]


Answer all the questions in this section.

PART 1 [ General Knowledge of Literature]

  1. A novel that features spiritual apparitions as major characters is
    • A. epistolary
    • B. gothic.
    • C. historical.
    • D. sociological
  2. The literary term describing individuals in a work of literature is
    • A. character
    • B. protagonist
    • C. narrator
    • D. villain
  3. Several hands stretched out for free meals at the refugee camp illustrates
    • A. antithesis
    • B. euphemism
    • C. litotes.
    • D. synecdoche
  4. A short play performed between the acts of a bigger play for entertainment is
    • A. an in media res.
    • B. an interlude
    • C. an incantation
    • D. a deus-ex-machina
  5. In literature, the two components of diction are
    • A. sentence construction and punction.
    • B. vocabulary and punctuation
    • C. syntax and sentence construction
    • D. vocabulary and syntax
  6. A story with elements that have both literal and figurative meaning is
    • A. an allegory
    • B. a fable
    • C. a novela
    • D. an epistle
  7. My bounty is as boundless as the sea My love as deep. The above lines illustrate.
    • A. apostrophe
    • B. epigram
    • C. hyperbole
    • D. euphemism
  8. In drama, catharsis is the
    • A. change of setting.
    • B. conflict between two characters
    • C. resolution of conflict.
    • D. purging of emotions from tension

Read the extract below and answer questions 9 to 11

A little learning is a dangerous thing:

Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian Spring

The shallow droghts intoxicate the brain

And drinking largely sobers us again.

  • 9. The poem is
    • A. allegoric
    • B. didactic
    • C. metaphysical
    • D. romantic
  • 10. The tone of the poet is
    • A. jocular
    • B. harsh
    • C. mornful
    • D. sombre
  • 11. Lines 3 and 4 illustrate
    • A. antithesis
    • B. oxymoron
    • C. anti-climax
    • D. metonymy
  • 12. A word or phrase that is repeated at regular intervals in a poem or play is a
    • A. dirge
    • B. refrain
    • C. lullaby
    • D. verse
  • 13. The warriors conquered my men and my country illustrate the use of
    • A. paradox
    • B. litotes
    • C. parallelism
    • D. zeugma
  • 14. Disguise in drama mostly portrays the theme of
    • A. known identity.
    • B. plain identity
    • C. unknown identity
    • D. mistake identity
  • 15. Men swift to see things done, do not run their commanding. The underlined words exemplify
    • A. pun
    • B. end rhyme
    • C. paradox
    • D. internal rhyme
  • 16. An aside in drama is used mostly to create a sense of
    • A admiration
    • B. conspiracy
    • C. greatness
    • D. superiority
  • 17. More haste, less speed illustrates the use of
    • A. anaphora
    • B. paradox
    • C. litotes
    • D. synecdoche

Read the following lines and answer question 18.

Poetry gets bored of being alone

It wants to go outdoors to chew the winds.

  • 18. The mental picture evoked in the above lines is that of
    • A. smell and touch
    • B. sight and hearing
    • C. taste and touch
    • D. sight and taste
  • 19. A novel that recounts the adventure of a likeable rogue is
    • A. panegyric
    • B. gothic
    • C. picaresque
    • D. grotesque
  • 20. At the fall of their house, the widow lost her husband, her sewing machine and her ear-rings illustrates
    • A. bathos
    • B. epigram
    • C. pathos
    • D. oxymoron

PART II [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]


Read the passage below and answer questions 21 to 25.

Marooned, Akpatse felt imprisoned. It was fifteen days since the storm. The flood waters were not receding; neither did Akpatse see any sign of help coming. Akpatse could not swim the expanse of flood waters. He meditated: When one looks upon the mountain for help and help comes from the Lord … where does the Lord sit – in the cloud or on the mountain, or in the valley?

Well, Akpatse looked for salvation in the distance, far across the ocean of flood – the intimidating expanse of his great gaoler – up to where the sky and the lips of the flood waters met in a mocking kiss. He had forgotten the feeling of hunger but knew he did not have any energy. What a foolish thing to think! He had not had any food for days, True. But hunger never said hello from the hollow of his ‘person-tree’ as they say in his language. Akpatse saw no help coming.

  • 21. The narrative technique used is
    • A. 1st person
    • B. dialogue
    • C. 3rd person
    • D. stream of consciousness.
  • 22. The reference to mountain illustrates
    • A. allusion
    • B. irony
    • C. parallelism
    • D. antithesis
  • 23. flood waters met in a mocking kiss illustrates
    • A. contrast
    • B. euphemism
    • C. personification
    • D. litotes
  • 24. The overall feeling evoked by the passage is one of
    • anger
    • B. empathy
    • C. love
    • D. relief
  • 25. The last sentence conveys the mood of
    • A. anxiety
    • B. despondency
    • C. excitement
    • D. nonchalance

Read the poem below and answer questions 26 to 30.

Your lies are the withering strokes still, they come from the inner recesses of your dungeoned heart. And though venomous that the venom, they inspire our once dociled minds to disorders even as your angels of death pass us by with messages of hopeless hope.

Did you read our mind in your lies? We know the seat of power in a castle of your evil heart; where your lies are imprisoned to be released again and again; they are never in rain! But they have soothed us calmly, your lies; the war is not of you anymore, it is of the angels who pass us by with messages of peace

  • 26. The main theme of the poem is
    • A. evil of lying
    • B. hopeless hope
    • C. message of peace
    • D. message of war
  • 27. The tone of the speaker shows
    • A. contentment
    • B. helplessness
    • C. patience
    • D. resilence
  • 28. Did you read our minds in your lies? exemplifies
    • A. Personification
    • B. oxymoron
    • C. pathetic fallacy
    • D. rhetorical question
  • 29. But they have soothes us calmly your lies illustrates
    • A. paradox
    • B. irony
    • C. synecdoche
    • D. zeugma
  • 30. The last lines of both stanzas present
    • A. negative but similar ideas
    • B. opposite ideas
    • C. positive but opposite ideas
    • D. similar ideas

SECTION B [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]


Read the extract below and answer questions 31 to 35

Go, Philostrate,

Stir up the Athenian youth to merriment ;

Awake the pert and nimble spirit of mirth;

Turn melancholy forth to funerals:

The pale companion is not for our pomp.

Hippolyta, I wooed thee with my sword,

And won thy love doing thee injuries;

But I will wed thee in another key,

With pomp, with triumph, and with revelling.

(Act 1, Scene One, Lines 12 – 20)

  • 31. Who is the speaker?
    • A. Demetrius
    • B. Egeus
    • C. Hermis
    • D. Theseus
  • 32. Philostrate is the
    • A. clown of Hippolyta
    • B. Duke’s entertainer
    • C. fairy king’s cuckold
    • D. rival of Puck
  • 33. The speaker’s attitude towards melancholy is
    • A. adoration
    • B. dislike
    • C. intolerance
    • D. tolerance
  • 34. While the speaker is talking,
    • A. Egues departs
    • B. Flute arrives
    • C. the fairies sing
    • D. Philostrate departs
  • 35. To win Hippolyta’s love, the speaker
    • A. disowned his friends
    • B. had to fight against her
    • C. killed his father
    • D. sent Puck away

Read the extract below and answer questions 36 to 40

Speaker X: Thou runaway, thou coward, art thou fled? Speak! In some bush? Where dost thou hide thy head?

Speaker Y: Thou coward, art thou bragging to the stars, Telling the bushes that thou look’st for wars, And wilt not come? Come, recreant, come, thou child; I’ll whip thee a rod. He is defiled That draws a sword on thee. (Act III, Scene Two, Lines 405 – 411)

  • 36. Speaker X and Y are
    • A. Demetrius and Puck
    • B. Lysander and Demetrius
    • C. Hermia and Helema
    • D. Lysander and Puck
  • 37. Speaker Y speaks in the voice of
    • A. Bottom
    • B. Demetrius
    • C. Oberon
    • D. Lysander
  • 38. Speaker Y’s intension is to stop a
    • A. Plan
    • B. fight
    • C. plot
    • D. flight
  • 39. The wars are over
    • A. Helena
    • B. Titania
    • C. Hermia
    • D. Hippolyta
  • 40. Speaker Y’s speech can be described as
    • A. cowardly
    • B. solemn
    • C. taunting
    • D. Silly

Read the extract below and answer questions 41 to 45.

… seest thou this sweet sight? Her dotage now I do begin to pity; For meeting her of late behind the wood, Seeking sweet favours for this hateful fool, I did upbraid her, and fall out with her. For she his hairy temples then had rounded with coronet of fresh and fragrant flowers; (Act IV, scene One, Lines 42 -48)

  • 41. The speaker is
    • A. Egues
    • B. Oberon
    • C. Puck
    • D. Theseus
  • 42. The relationship between the speaker and thou in the first line is one of
    • A. companionship
    • B. friendship
    • C. King and courtier
    • D. master and errand boy
  • 43. this sweet sight refers to
    • A. Bottom and Titania
    • B. Demetrius and Helena
    • C. Lysander and Hermia
    • D. Pyramus and Thisbe.
  • 44. The pair are lovers by
    • A. accident
    • B. fate
    • C. design
    • D. fortune
  • 45. The speaker appears to be
    • A. blaming himself
    • B. commending the addressee
    • C. enjoying himself
    • D. lamenting the sight

Read the extract below and answer Questions 46 to 50

… Man is but an ass if he go about to expound this dream. Methought I was – there is no man can tell

what. Methought I was, and methought I had – but man is

but a patched fool, if he will offer to say what methought I

had. The eye of man hath not heard, the ear of man hath not

seen, man’s hand is not able to taste, his tongue to conceive, nor his heart to report, what my dream was. (Act IV, Scene One, Lines 201 – 207)

  • 46. The speaker is
    • A. Bottom
    • B. Puck
    • C. Quince
    • D. Peaseblossom
  • 47. The speaker has just come out of
    • A. an appalling experience
    • B. a nightmare
    • C. an induced sleep
    • D. a rehearsal
  • 48. The architect of the speaker’s current state is
    • A. Hippolyta
    • B. Oberon
    • C. Titania
    • D. Theseus
  • 49. It is a state of
    • A. deception
    • B. ignorance
    • C. illusion
    • D. innocence
  • 50. The speaker’s language is best described as
    • A. comic
    • B. satiric
    • C. conceit
    • D. metaphoric
WAEC Literature In English 2022 (OBJECTIVE) ANSWERS
  • 1-10: BADBDACDBD
  • 11-20: ABDDDBBDCA
  • 21-30: CACBBABDAB
  • 31-40: DBBDBAABAC
  • 41-50: BDACDACBCA
WAEC Literature In English Question 2022 (ESSAY ANSWER PROSE)

Question 1 (Account for the contribution of lawyer Nweze to the development of the plot.)

Points to develop

  • 1. Relation to theme: The novel explores the themes of education, marriage, gender disparity, feminism, fatherhood irresponsibility, racism and others. These are anchored on the theme of social standing. In the novel, one is accorded respect and preference depending on where society places one in the social hierarchy.
  • 2. Character identification:
    • i) Lawyer Nweze is the first lawyer from Ibuza.
    • ii) He has studied in the United Kingdom.
    • iii) He is given a grand welcome reception in Lagos on his return.
    • iv) He becomes a millionaire after handling a Hausa multi-millionaire’s case.
    • v)  He later becomes a minister in Northern Nigeria.
  • 3. The reception given Lawyer Nweze
    • i) The women buy ‘identical cotton materials from the UAC department store and had it made into lappas and blouses of the same style.’
    • ii) The women ‘dyed their hair, and straightened it with hot combs to make it look European.’
    • iii) The women ‘composed songs, weaving the name of the new lawyer into them’ and dance for him.
    • iv) The men in their numbers pay him a courtesy visit.
  • 4. The portrayal of Lawyer Nweze
    • i) He is portrayed as a true son of Ibuza who ‘did not bring a white woman with him’ on his return.
    • ii) He epitomises human aspiration and achievement. The people speak of his visit to the United Kingdom as if he has paid ‘God a visit.’
    • iii) He is expected to save his people — a messiah who would see to it that Ibuza would have electricity, that Ibuza would have a tarred road.’
    • iv) He is a source of pride to the people. Ada’s father regards Lawyer Nweze’s personality with reverence.
    • v) Ironically, he eventually disappoints his people. He settles in the northern part of Nigeria instead of the south among his people.
  • 5. Lawyer Nweze’s role in the novel.
    • i) Through him, the superstitious beliefs of the Ibuza are exposed. ii) His portrayal highlights the literacy level in Ibuza.
    • iii) Lawyer Nweze serves as motivation for Adah.
    • iv) His reception depicts the people’s unity and communal spirit in Ibuza.
    • v) Lawyer Nweze reflects the people’s respect for education.
    • vi) He is the perfect son of the land, as opposed to the ‘been tos’ who lose track of their custom because of western culture.

Question 2 (Compare Ada with Francis in the novel.)

Points to develop

  • 1. Relation to theme: The theme of marriage and the struggle for survival in a male dominated society is paramount in the novel. This theme plays in the relationship between Ada and Francis in their marriage.
  • 2. Character identification: Ada and Francis are both of Igbo descent and are brought up in Lagos. They both travel abroad.
  • a) Adah
    • i. Ada is the daughter of Pa and Ma.
    • ii. She is Boy’s sister
    • iii. She educates herself despite intimidating constraints. iv. She marries Francis early and joins him in the UK.
  • b)   Francis
    • i.    He is a young man aspiring to become an accountant.
    • ii. He and Ada marry rather early.
    • iii. He proceeds to the UK to pursue his accounting ambition with the support of his wife.
  • 3.      Attitude to life
    • i) Adah proves to be hardworking while Francis in downright lazy.
    • ii) Adah is sensitive and affectionate but her husband is rather opportunistic, insensitive and selfish.
  • 4.      Attitude to marriage
    • i)      Adah is committed to the marriage, while Francis cares little about his wife and children.
    • ii)      Francis plays the male chauvinist while Ada resists the oppression of male domination.
    • iii)  Adah respects the institution of marriage while Francis does not seem to comprehend the union of husband and wife.
    • iv)    While Francis regards marriage as all sex, Ada favours some control over and moderation in sex in the marriage.
  • 5.   Attitude to childbirth and child upbringing
    • i)  Adah sees children as gifts that should be cared for, protected and brought up in a disciplined mental and psychological regulation.
    • ii) She sees child upbringing as a mandatory parental responsibility that cannot be waived, relinquished or passed on to third parties.
    • iii)  She is bent on getting a conducive accommodation that can help her nurse and raise the children.
    • iv) Francis is unconcerned about all these.
    • v) Adah wants the best for her children while Francis does not care about them.

Question 3: (How is Massa buried in the novel)

Points to develop

  • 1. Relation to theme: The novel is about the adverse effects of failed leadership. The mismanagement of the affairs of government does not only lead to xenophobia but also causes severe economic hardship for the citizens.
  • 2. Character identification:
    • i) Massa is Nii Tackie’s wife. She is about 25 years, but is already looking like a grandmother.
    • ii) She is terminally ill, but Nii knows no relative of hers.
    • iii) Nii is unable to take her to a proper hospital and on the way to a spiritualist Massa dies.
  • 3. The search of siblings
    • i)  With Massa dead, and things being difficult, Nii decides to leave for Nigeria in search of his people.
    • ii)  Simultaneously, Nii’s sister, Mama Orojo, embarks on a journey to Ghana in search of Nii.
    • iii)  Mama arrives in Ghana after Nii has left for Nigeria.
  • 4.   Mama’s enquiries about her brother
    • i) Arriving in Ghana, Mama is introduced to Joe, the Daga boss, by a policeman.
    • ii) Joe and Mama do business and fall in love.
    • iii)  Mama tumbles on the fact of Massa’s death during her enquiries about her brother, Nii, at Expense Bank.
  • 5.   Koforidtia and Sampa
    • i) Mama does not know that Nii has married; neither does she know her sister-in-law.
    • ii) Her sense of decency and fairness urges her to find the body of her brother’s late wife and bury it.
    • iii) She travels (with Joe) to the Koforidua Government Hospital mortuary for the corpse.
    • iv) She carries the corpse to Sampa for burial.
    • v) Thus Massa receives a fitting burial from her unknown sister-in-law.

Question 4 (How does the expulsion of ‘aliens’ from Nigeria affect Nii in the novel?)

Points to develop

  • 1. Relation to theme: In the novel, events and the actions of the characters are founded on the theme of social dysfunction. Nii is not spared the consequences of these as he arrives in Nigeria at the height of an expulsion order.
  • 2. Character identification
    • i) Nii Tackie is the protagonist.
    • ii)  He is a Nigerian born in Ghana.
    • iii)  He has Yoruba tribal marks but bears a Ga name and does not speak Yoruba.
    • iv)  His sister lives in Nigeria; their parents are dead.
    • v)   He is an Assistant Manager of a bank in Accra.
  • 3.     Going to Nigeria
    • i) There is a military regime in Ghana.
    • ii) Assets and bank accounts have been frozen
    • iii) The cost of living is high; life is unbearable.
    • iv) Nii’s wife is very ill and dies on their way to a healing centre.
    • v) Nii dumps the body of his dead wife at the mortuary at Koforidua and sets out for Nigeria.
  • 4.  The journey out
    • i) Nii joins other travellers like him.
    • ii) Aaron, an entrepreneur denied assistance by Nii’s bank, is in the bandwagon.
    • iii) The travellers are harassed by the security forces. iv)   Nii is cheated by a commercial motorcyclist.
  • 5.   Arrival in Nigeria
    • i) Nii’s arrival in Nigeria coincides with an expulsion order.
    • ii) The deadline for aliens to leave is fast approaching.
    • iii) Nii is not recognized as a Nigerian.
    • iv) The fact that he has a sister at Ijase and the tribal marks on his face avail him nothing.
    • v) No one listens to him and he has to be careful to avoid being arrested by the Immigration.
    • vi) His new-found love dies and is buried hurriedly and secretly.
    • vii)   The deportation order puts Nii at great risk and delays his reunion with his sister.

Question 5 (Examine the narrator’s experience with Kimbro in the novel.)

Points to develop

  • 1. Relation to theme: The effects of racial prejudice on black Americans is the major theme in the novel.
  • 2. Character identification:
    • a)  The narrator
    • i)  The narrator is a black college dropout from The Deep South.
    • ii) He is bitter because he is treated as a non-being and so decided to live underground, and be invisible. iii) He finds work in a paint plant.
    • b)  Kimbro
    • i)   Kimbro is the head of the shipping department at Liberty Paints.
    • ii)  He is the narrator’s first boss there.
    • iii)  He is bad-tempered.
  • 3.   Meeting Kimbro
    • i) The narrator presents himself for a job at Liberty Paints and is assigned to work under Kimbro.
    • ii) The narrator overhears telephone conversation in which Kimbro is ‘swearing violently.’
    • iii) The narrator is made uneasy by Kimbro’s ‘nasty mood.’
    • iv) The narrator is made to ‘go right to work’ and is taught what to do by Kimbro.
  • 4. The narrator’s mistake on the job and his removal from the department
    • i) The narrator is left on his own as Kimbro leaves to attend a meeting.
    • ii) He mistakes a component of paint and spoils the paint that he is mixing.
    • iii) Kimbro is angry.
    • iv)  He seeks the narrator’s immediate removal.
  • 5.  Apparent second chance
    • i) Kimbro seems to relent and guides the narrator afresh.
    • ii) The narrator applies his intuition, and Kimbro approves.
    • iii)  The paint is loaded off, to the narrator’s confusion.
    • iv)  The narrator is dismissed from Kimbro’s department, nevertheless.
    • v)   The narrator is surprised that his services can be dispensed with so dismissively.

Question 6 (How does Ras represent the whiteman’s perceptions and treatment of blacks in the novel?)

Points to develop

  • 1. Relation to theme: The novel deals with the themes of racism, violence, identity, black history, innocence etc. These are founded on the theme of white perceptions of blacks and their effects on blacks in America.
  • 2. Character identification
    • i)  Ras is a black man.
    • ii)  He is described as one who has entirely monopolized Harlem.
    • iii)  He speaks with a violent accent.
    • iv)  He has a large enthusiastic audience.
    • v)   Ras is described as ‘a short heavy figure as wide as the lobby’. vi)  He is opposed to anything white.
  • 3. The whiteman’s perceptions
    • i) Blacks are perceived and treated as people without a history or an identity.
    • ii) Blacks are perceived and treated as invisible.
    • iii) Blacks are perceived and treated as people who are violent.
    • iv)  Blacks are perceived and treated as people without moral values.
    • v)   Blacks are perceived and treated as people undeserving of anything progressive.
  • 4. Ras as a representative of the whiteman’s perceptions
    • i) Ras is violent.
    • ii) Ras is unaccommodating of other people’s views.
    • iii) Ras is unprogressive.
    • iv) Ras is crude in his approach to race issues.
    • v)  Ras has low moral esteem.
    • vi) Ras is insensitive as exemplified in the last episode where he unleashes terror on the city of Harlem.
  • 5. The portrayal of Ras
    • i) It justifies the extent of alienation suffered by the blackman in the novel.
    • ii)  It also demonstrates the major concern for black unity in the novel.
    • iii)  It enhances the theme of violence.
    • iv)  It significantly contributes to the development of the theme of invisibility.
    • v)   It depicts the extreme struggle for visibility by the blacks.

Question 7 (Examine the significance of Lockwood’s second visit to Wuthering Heights.)

Points to develop

  • 1.  Relation to theme: The novel deals with the upheavals within an upper middle class English society due to internal and external forces. These generate sub-themes like marriage, revenge, property ownership etc.
  • 2. Character identification
    • i) Lockwood is Heathcliff’s tenant at Thrushcross Grange.
    • ii)  He is a narrator.
    • iii)  He is a commentator, who provides a perspective of the narration. iv)  He is in Wuthering Heights to introduce himself to his landlord.
  • 3. Lockwood’s experiences on this visit
    • i) Lockwood is portrayed as a naive narrator, who is prone to making vain and amusing mistakes.
    • ii)  He mistakes Cathy for Mrs. Heathcliff even though it is clear to him that ‘there was too great a disparity between the ages of the parties to make it likely that they were man and wife.’
    • iii)  He spends the night at Wuthering Heights.
  • 4. The presence of the supernatural in the novel
    • i)  Lockwood narrates his conversation with the ghost of Catherine.
    • ii)  Heathcliff’s torment over the loss of Catherine Earnshaw is unnatural.
    • iii) Heathcliff pines for Catherine.
    • iv) Heathcliff is violent in matters concerning Catherine.
  • 5.  Contribution of the visit to the development of plot
    • i)  The visit introduces the reader to the power play or conflict in the household of Wuthering Heights.
    • ii) Heathcliff has control over Cathy and he disdains Hareton with a passion.
    • iii) Hareton is portrayed as being aggressive and uncouth because of his sensibility to his status.
    • iv)  The visit shows the unfriendly nature of both Wuthering Heights and its occupants.

Question 8 (What is the relationship between Cathy and Hareton?)

Points to develop

  • 1. Relation to theme: The interplay of love and revenge is the dominant theme in the novel. This theme manifests in the lives of Cathy Linton and Hareton Earnshaw, who suffer Heathcliff’s revenge, but join hands later in the novel.
  • 2. Character identification:
    • a)  Cathy
    • i) She is the daughter of Edgar Linton and Catherine Earnshaw.
    • ii) She is a beautiful woman.
    • iii) She is typically human.
    • iv)  She revises her attitude towards Hareton, later in life.
  • b)  Hareton
    • i)  He is the son of Hindley and Frances.
    • ii) He and Cathy Linton are cousins.
    • iii) He is deprived of education by Heathcliff.
    • iv)  He is made a labourer in his father’s house.
    • v)   He is tutored by Cathy to become a gentleman later.
  • 3. Their relationship
    • i) Nelly introduces Hareton and Cathy as cousins.
    • ii)  Cathy is appalled by Hareton’s lack of education and poor manners.
    • iii)  The two fall in love.
    • iv)  Heathcliff is not happy with this development, but can’t do anything
    • v)   Cathy and Hareton eventually marry.
  • 4. The effect of the relationship on Heathliff.
    • i) Unable to direct the cause of the relationship between Cathy and Hareton, Heathcliff repines in dismay and becomes a hermit.
    • ii) Heathcliff dies totally frustrated.
  • 5. Contribution to development of the plot
    • i) The relationship foreshadows the imminent unity of Thrushcross Grange and Wuthering Heights.
    • ii) Their union confounds Heathcliff’s vengeance
    • iii) The marriage of the two resolves the major conflict in the novel

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