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PROSE [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]

Answer two questions in all; one question from each section. Develop not fewer than five points in your answers.


Instruction: Answer one question only from this section.

BUCHI,EMECHETA: Second Class Citizen
  1. Account for thw contribution of lawyer Nweze to development of the plot.
  2. Compare Adah with Francis in the novel
ALEX, AGYEI-AGYIRI: Unexpected Joy at Dawn

3. How is Massa buried in the novel?

4. How does the expulsion of the ‘aliens’ from Nigeria affect Nii?

SECTION B [Non-African Prose]

Instruction: Answer one question from this section.

RALPH, ELLISON: Invisible Man

5. Examine the narrator’s experience with Kimbro in the novel.

6. How does Ras represent the whiteman’s perceptions and treatment of blacks?

EMILY, BRONTE: Wuthering Heights

7. Examine the significance of Lockwood’s second visit to Wuthering Heights

8. What is the relationship between Cathy and Hareton in the novel?

DRAMA AND POETRY [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]

General Instruction: Answer four questions in all: one question from each section. Develop not fewer than five points in your answers.


Answer one question only from this section.

JOHN, K. KARGBO: Let me Die Alone

  1. How do men behave towards women in the play?
  2. Discuss Gbanya as remarkable character.

WOLE, SOYINKA: The Lion and Jewel

3. How is the contest between tradition and modernity presented in the play?

4. Discuss the significance of the use of play-within-a technique.


Answer one question only from this section.

JOHN, OSBORNE: Look Back in Anger

5. Consider Jimmy’s views about the Victorian society of his time.

6. Comment on Alison’s reactions to Jimmy’s attacks on her family.


7. How does Troy’s upbringing influence his relationship with his children?

8. To what extent does Gabriel provide comic relief in the play?


Answer one question only from this section

9. How effective is the use of contrast in The Song of the Women of my Land?

10. Examine The leader and Led as a Criticism of leadership in Africa.


Answer one question only from this section.

11. Consider the mood of the persona in The Good Morrow.

12. Discuss the theme of regret in The Journey of the Magi.

OBJECTIVE PAPER 1 [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]


Answer all the questions in this section.

PART 1 [ General Knowledge of Literature]

  1. A novel that features spiritual apparitions as major characters is
    • A. epistolary
    • B. gothic.
    • C. historical.
    • D. sociological
  2. The literary term describing individuals in a work of literature is
    • A. character
    • B. protagonist
    • C. narrator
    • D. villain
  3. Several hands stretched out for free meals at the refugee camp illustrates
    • A. antithesis
    • B. euphemism
    • C. litotes.
    • D. synecdoche
  4. A short play performed between the acts of a bigger play for entertainment is
    • A. an in media res.
    • B. an interlude
    • C. an incantation
    • D. a deus-ex-machina
  5. In literature, the two components of diction are
    • A. sentence construction and punction.
    • B. vocabulary and punctuation
    • C. syntax and sentence construction
    • D. vocabulary and syntax
  6. A story with elements that have both literal and figurative meaning is
    • A. an allegory
    • B. a fable
    • C. a novela
    • D. an epistle
  7. My bounty is as boundless as the sea My love as deep. The above lines illustrate.
    • A. apostrophe
    • B. epigram
    • C. hyperbole
    • D. euphemism
  8. In drama, catharsis is the
    • A. change of setting.
    • B. conflict between two characters
    • C. resolution of conflict.
    • D. purging of emotions from tension

Read the extract below and answer questions 9 to 11

A little learning is a dangerous thing:

Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian Spring

The shallow droghts intoxicate the brain

And drinking largely sobers us again.

  • 9. The poem is
    • A. allegoric
    • B. didactic
    • C. metaphysical
    • D. romantic
  • 10. The tone of the poet is
    • A. jocular
    • B. harsh
    • C. mornful
    • D. sombre
  • 11. Lines 3 and 4 illustrate
    • A. antithesis
    • B. oxymoron
    • C. anti-climax
    • D. metonymy
  • 12. A word or phrase that is repeated at regular intervals in a poem or play is a
    • A. dirge
    • B. refrain
    • C. lullaby
    • D. verse
  • 13. The warriors conquered my men and my country illustrate the use of
    • A. paradox
    • B. litotes
    • C. parallelism
    • D. zeugma
  • 14. Disguise in drama mostly portrays the theme of
    • A. known identity.
    • B. plain identity
    • C. unknown identity
    • D. mistake identity
  • 15. Men swift to see things done, do not run their commanding. The underlined words exemplify
    • A. pun
    • B. end rhyme
    • C. paradox
    • D. internal rhyme
  • 16. An aside in drama is used mostly to create a sense of
    • A admiration
    • B. conspiracy
    • C. greatness
    • D. superiority
  • 17. More haste, less speed illustrates the use of
    • A. anaphora
    • B. paradox
    • C. litotes
    • D. synecdoche

Read the following lines and answer question 18.

Poetry gets bored of being alone

It wants to go outdoors to chew the winds.

  • 18. The mental picture evoked in the above lines is that of
    • A. smell and touch
    • B. sight and hearing
    • C. taste and touch
    • D. sight and taste
  • 19. A novel that recounts the adventure of a likeable rogue is
    • A. panegyric
    • B. gothic
    • C. picaresque
    • D. grotesque
  • 20. At the fall of their house, the widow lost her husband, her sewing machine and her ear-rings illustrates
    • A. bathos
    • B. epigram
    • C. pathos
    • D. oxymoron

PART II [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]


Read the passage below and answer questions 21 to 25.

Marooned, Akpatse felt imprisoned. It was fifteen days since the storm. The flood waters were not receding; neither did Akpatse see any sign of help coming. Akpatse could not swim the expanse of flood waters. He meditated: When one looks upon the mountain for help and help comes from the Lord … where does the Lord sit – in the cloud or on the mountain, or in the valley?

Well, Akpatse looked for salvation in the distance, far across the ocean of flood – the intimidating expanse of his great gaoler – up to where the sky and the lips of the flood waters met in a mocking kiss. He had forgotten the feeling of hunger but knew he did not have any energy. What a foolish thing to think! He had not had any food for days, True. But hunger never said hello from the hollow of his ‘person-tree’ as they say in his language. Akpatse saw no help coming.

  • 21. The narrative technique used is
    • A. 1st person
    • B. dialogue
    • C. 3rd person
    • D. stream of consciousness.
  • 22. The reference to mountain illustrates
    • A. allusion
    • B. irony
    • C. parallelism
    • D. antithesis
  • 23. flood waters met in a mocking kiss illustrates
    • A. contrast
    • B. euphemism
    • C. personification
    • D. litotes
  • 24. The overall feeling evoked by the passage is one of
    • anger
    • B. empathy
    • C. love
    • D. relief
  • 25. The last sentence conveys the mood of
    • A. anxiety
    • B. despondency
    • C. excitement
    • D. nonchalance

Read the poem below and answer questions 26 to 30.

Your lies are the withering strokes still, they come from the inner recesses of your dungeoned heart. And though venomous that the venom, they inspire our once dociled minds to disorders even as your angels of death pass us by with messages of hopeless hope.

Did you read our mind in your lies? We know the seat of power in a castle of your evil heart; where your lies are imprisoned to be released again and again; they are never in rain! But they have soothed us calmly, your lies; the war is not of you anymore, it is of the angels who pass us by with messages of peace

  • 26. The main theme of the poem is
    • A. evil of lying
    • B. hopeless hope
    • C. message of peace
    • D. message of war
  • 27. The tone of the speaker shows
    • A. contentment
    • B. helplessness
    • C. patience
    • D. resilence
  • 28. Did you read our minds in your lies? exemplifies
    • A. Personification
    • B. oxymoron
    • C. pathetic fallacy
    • D. rhetorical question
  • 29. But they have soothes us calmly your lies illustrates
    • A. paradox
    • B. irony
    • C. synecdoche
    • D. zeugma
  • 30. The last lines of both stanzas present
    • A. negative but similar ideas
    • B. opposite ideas
    • C. positive but opposite ideas
    • D. similar ideas

SECTION B [WAEC Literature In English Question 2022]


Read the extract below and answer questions 31 to 35

Go, Philostrate,

Stir up the Athenian youth to merriment ;

Awake the pert and nimble spirit of mirth;

Turn melancholy forth to funerals:

The pale companion is not for our pomp.

Hippolyta, I wooed thee with my sword,

And won thy love doing thee injuries;

But I will wed thee in another key,

With pomp, with triumph, and with revelling.

(Act 1, Scene One, Lines 12 – 20)

  • 31. Who is the speaker?
    • A. Demetrius
    • B. Egeus
    • C. Hermis
    • D. Theseus
  • 32. Philostrate is the
    • A. clown of Hippolyta
    • B. Duke’s entertainer
    • C. fairy king’s cuckold
    • D. rival of Puck
  • 33. The speaker’s attitude towards melancholy is
    • A. adoration
    • B. dislike
    • C. intolerance
    • D. tolerance
  • 34. While the speaker is talking,
    • A. Egues departs
    • B. Flute arrives
    • C. the fairies sing
    • D. Philostrate departs
  • 35. To win Hippolyta’s love, the speaker
    • A. disowned his friends
    • B. had to fight against her
    • C. killed his father
    • D. sent Puck away

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